Teaching Skills for Instructors

Teaching Skills

The following is a summary of key factors to guide Assessors in their assessment of teaching skills when candidates present for Flatwater Instructor. The list was developed by the Canoe SA Assessor Workshop held on Sunday 20 June 2010.

1. Any relevant paperwork such as lesson plan, risk management plan, float plan (where aplicable) client information is to be presented to the assessor well before the practial assessment takes place (ideally at least 7 days)

2. If candidate changes lesson or does not follow original plan because of change of context (weather, group, equipment issues) this is to be considered good practice.

3. The assessor is to check the log book of the candidate prior to conducting the assessment, ideally 7 days, to gain a good understanding of the candidate's background.

4. The role of the assessor is to provide every opportunity to complete the Flatwater Instructor Award (FWI)

5. If teaching skills to the level of FWI cannot be demonstrated due to the candidate's skill or the context of the assessment not providing adequate opportunity, then Flatwater Guide (FWG) or Canoe/Kayak Lifeguard (CKL) should be explored until another opportunity for assessment presents.

6. The candidate must demonstrate the ability to teach for independent practice. (the standard for independent practice being Flatwater Skills) If unable to demonstrate on-water that day due to assessment contaxt, the assessor can refer to log book and use question and answer to identify candidates ability to do this in another context.

7. Professional standards are expected to be modelled by candidates at all times.

8. A good understanding of the relationship between the equipment used, how it is used and paddling skill development is required.

9. It is expected that the candidate undertake a safety summary prior to getting on-water that is consistent with the context of the assessment. Candidates should check for understanding by clients/participants.

10. Safety briefings may be done at several stages prior to and/or during the off-water instruction. Some aspects of a safety briefing are non-negotiable, such as, ensuring medical and consent forms are checked, PFD's are worn on-water, ensuring clients/participants are informed of likely risks and hazards, the actions if such hazards and risks are encountered and the emergency response plan.

11. There may be minor details about instruction that the candidate has not covered. The asessor can provide minor prompting at the time, or candidate might be questioned or asked to demonstrate an example to the assessor following assessment.

12. The methodology used to teach skills is not as important as the purpose of each activity during the teaching session being clear

13. The activities chosen must be purposeful and sequential

14. The candidate must show evidence of the ability to observe client group members paddling skills and practices to detect any areas that are not safe practice or not consistent with a skilful paddler, provide feedback for correction and check for competence following feedback.

15. Candidate is required to demonstrate a foundational knowledge of the biomechanics of paddling through teaching, or might be asked questions following completion of the practial assessment.

16. Ideally, instructors would demonstrate a good understanding of the range of activities that are described as kayaking and canoeing

The standards and expectations for Canoe/Kayak Lifeguard and Flatwater Guides may be different.