Workshop 4

Workshop 4 – Sunday 22 January 2012

Key outcomes from the off-water assessment workshop:

Theory: For candidates to be accepted as having the required theoretical knowledge as a lifeguard/guide/instructor, their documentation should use Australian Canoeing templates and demonstrate:
A.      Hazard Assessment – Environment, people and equipment
1.       The ability to assess the teaching/learning/expedition environment for potential hazards
2.       The ability to recognise key hazards related to the clients under instruction
3.       Knowledge of key equipment issues
B.      Risk Assessment
1.       Evidence of research of serious injury events in Canoeing/Kayaking
2.       Establish in order of likelihood the hazards that pose the risk of death or disabling injury for the assessment situation
C.      Risk Control
1.       Knowledge of systems controls to reduce likelihood of hazard resulting in serious injury
2.       Knowledge of AC safety guidelines
3.       Knowledge of other applicable safety guidelines
4.       Knowledge of practices off and on-water relating to the group and environment that support safe participation in activity
Candidates must also demonstrate:
1.       Informed consent to undertake the activities, including evidence of informing of hazards, risks and controls
2.       Emergency Incident Response Plan
On-Water: Candidates must demonstrate the following:
1.       Prior assessment of hazards – environment, people and equipment
2.       Evidence of gathering and completing appropriate paperwork for the group
3.       Clearly communicated Incident Response Plan prior to getting on the water to all relevant participants and staff
4.       Appropriate resources to manage incident should it occur
5.       Leadership on water, including on-going monitoring of hazards, and flexible teaching and management processes
6.       Ability to apply theory in practice – manage a minor incident using the guidelines established with a scenario provided by assessor
7.       Ability to review risk assessment and incident response
General Notes:
1.       Assessment will not take place without risk management documentation being satisfactory
2.       All documentation to be submitted at least 7 days beforehand to assessor to allow time for review prior to assessment
3.       If assessor needs to assume control of the group for safety reasons then the candidate will need to repeat the assessment
4.       The assessor will structure a scenario for the candidate. The scenario will be made clear and explicit to the candidate and the participants. Importantly, a code word for a real situation such as ‘no duff’ will be advised and understood by all participants. The scenario could include one of the following situations that will allow the candidate to show their group management skills:
a.       Two capsizes
b.      A capsize and a wayward paddler not staying with group
c.       A capsize and a medical issue


Australian Canoeing Safety Guidelines – Risk Management Excerpt
2. Planning
2.1 Risk Management
The risk management process should be directly applied to the management of safety risks associated
with planning organised canoeing and kayaking activities and must be undertaken prior to each
organized activity occurring.
AC Instructors and Guides are educated in Risk Management processes.
AC recommends that all personnel or organisations conducting canoeing or kayaking activities
develop an emergency management plan that allows them to establish a programmed response to
incidents that reduce the consequences should such incidents occur.
An Emergency Management Plan should consider:
(a) Chain of Command
The persons or positions with which a leader should communicate or report to, in the event of an
emergency response.
(b) Communication Systems and Technology
Emergency responses in outdoor environments can be assisted by various technological modes of
communication. These may include mobile phones, radios, satellite phones, and EPIRBs, etc. While
all can assist in the activation of an emergency response, consideration should always be given to
their limitations (e.g. mobile telephone network coverage, battery failure).
When activating an emergency response requiring external assistance, the following information
should be accurately provided to the recipient of such calls for assistance:
• communication and contact details
• escape route and location information
• participant lists
• medical forms and patient details
• transport details.
(c) Emergency Procedures
• Emergency procedures should be documented before embarking on an activity and will be
implemented in the event of:
– serious injury or fatality
– serious threats to personal safety from high risk environmental conditions (e.g. bushfire)
– lost participants
– behavioural management problems
• Such procedures should include:
– priority of tasks: immediate, second, third
– roles and responsibilities
– exit routes, emergency and evacuation procedures
Safety Guidelines
– injury
– lost persons
– contact details for base camp, and program administrators as required
– contact details for police, rescue and medical services in the area
– communication modes and protocols
– location management
– vehicular access
– boat access
– helicopter access
– identification of nearest medical facilities
– identification of natural hazards and appropriate response
– bushfire
– lightning
– flooding
– post incident management: contact of insurer, legal procedures post incident trauma